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Bandhani originated around 5000 years ago making it one of the oldest crafts of Gujarat, that is still widely practiced as a famous tye-and-dye technique. The word `Bandhani` is derived from the word `Bandhan` which means tying up.

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Process of Bandhani

The art of Bandhani is a highly skilled process. The technique involves dyeing a fabric which is tied tightly with a thread at several points, thus producing a variety of patterns like Chandrakala, Bavan Baug, Shikari etcetera; depending on the manner in which the cloth is tied. The main colour used in Bandhana are yellow, red, blue, green and black.

Bandhani of Kutch, Gujarat

The main colors used in Bandhana are natural. As Bandhani is a tie and dye process, dying is done by hand and hence best colors and combinations are possible in Bandhani. As per archaeological facts, the first Bandhani saree was worn at the time of Bana Bhatt`s Harshacharita on the occasion of a royal marriage. In fact, evidence of Bandhej has also been found in the Ajanta caves.